Fantastic tales of ghostly lights, which are often near railways and, on the popular imagination, transferred the spirits of long-dead conductors, became a permanent feature of predatory and American folklore. Commonly referred to as "Terribly lights", with the & # 39; reality has captured the imagination Fortean researchers worldwide.
According to recent estimates, in America there are more than 60 separate places, where there is a country with a & # 39; reality. "Mack Lights" from North Carolina, certainly caught the attention of all, and is said to have been the first time saw the light in the 18th century.
Others, while less familiar, are equally well documented, with many modern features have their roots in the local legends of India, for example, "Light of hornets," found in the southwestern region of the country. Here, as in countless other cases, there is a belief that the lights from the & # 39 are concrete evidence of survival after death, and the mind that the person who died dyskarnatnyya railroad and the ancient rulers of the tribe with us today.
However, over the past five years, many researchers have sought to deprive the thick layers of myth and superstition that surrounds the mystery of light strashenstva, and in their research works have begun using sophisticated scientific equipment and methods. One of these research groups, Vestigia, focuses on the strange lights, which are observed in the north-western part of New Jersey, in the area known as Long Valley. Their research and findings, as well as materials collected by other researchers in this field, given a few provocative answer to the mystery of light motorcycle.
Barren lights Long Valley actively communicated with the beginning of the century. In particular, one section of the railway – it is part of the railway, which is owned by Con Rail today. Initially, the spur was built in the mid 18th century, and for some time was a noisy link between iron-rich area of Long Dali and the main line of the Central Railroad of New Jersey, Chester, New Jersey. owners ore mines for transmission; Later this line is to carry passengers and freight up to the 1930s. Today, the line from the & # 39 is infrequently used freight spur.
The legend of this terrible local light is really colorful and corresponds exactly to the mythical story line, which is found in many similar cases. It is assumed that the brakeman railways on a high bridge lost an arm in an accident caused by a mechanical malfunction. Mentally unbalanced injury accident, he walked on the trail near the scene with a lantern, which ranged from the hook that replaced the lost arm. One legend says at night that this poor figure, searching for lost limbs on the tracks, was struck oncoming train and was killed instantly.
It was believed that the lights that appeared over the railway bridge on the Great were mental restructuring that tragic night. Then Lantern "Hukerman" hovers over the rails, and suddenly disappears when it is sprinkled again approaching locomotive.
Legend of the High Bridge is almost identical to another across the country as reported in a & # 39; yavah and folklore. In almost all cases with lights & # 39 are suddenly and accidentally, but rarely during heavy rain. The very light, often dull yellow, blinking, like a lantern, reeling from the side, like a pendulum. Usually it is a few centimeters to a few feet above the ground and appears to be moving toward the observer in a strange silence.
In one isolated incident, as they say, a young high school student was severely burned bizarre light, although this report has not yet been confirmed. However, we can confirm that this with a & # 39; reality with & # 39 is real and it is reported hundreds of people from the turn of the century.
The Long Valley in 1976, researchers have begun a preliminary study Vestygii lamplighter studying the history of the area, the railway bridge on the Great and any accident that might be associated with the legend of Hukermana. It was learned that Long Valley was rural agricultural enterprises before 1850, when in the area began to mine iron ore. First Trunk Railway was short shporkay that was used to transport ore from the mines to the foundry and actively used until 1885, when the mine began to cut jobs. Eventually the railroad added several spurs to the original Chester branch that came to Long Valley. It is this spur was the center for the study Vestygii. By 1899 the railway was renamed the Delaware, lacquered and Western Railway, and carrying passengers until 1934. The line is still used for freight until 1960. Today, little activity on the spur, which is now with the & # 39 is part of the Central Railway jersey belongs Conrail.
The territory is incredibly rich in folklore, including several tragedies associated with both the mountain and to railway operations. Many of these victims is recorded, but there is nothing in the records are not parallel with the legend of Hukermana and gives no hint of the fact that it really exists.
Vestigia representatives collected background information from the locals about the legend, including some information indicating that Hukerman was admitted to a local institution for Var & # 39; yatav after the accident. Accounting for local hospitals and old documents on the railway have been carefully studied. Researchers have even visited a local psychiatric hospital in search of this identity Hukermana, but found nothing to link the legend of the Valley of the debt with reality.
Even if the product was Hukerman peraaktyvnyh local representations, no horror Long Valley, of course, was not. Researchers visited the area several times, and every time they could see the sad "Lantern" Hukermana. Although the size, shape, speed of movement and color of the Var & # 39; Irawan by aiming to prytselavannya, one thing was for sure – the phenomenon was real and repeatedly observant. Then the director of "Vestsigii" began the task of collecting a rich technical materials, test equipment and personnel necessary for the proper study of this with the & # 39; waking.
The first study fixtures were scheduled for the autumn of 1976, and a list of necessary equipment was wide. Included were cameras, Geiger counters, Instruments for the disappearance of gas with methane astsylogramy, radar apparatus Vaskara, registration devices, thermometers, radio and other accessories.
The team led by Bill Wagner worked on the theory that if you could see the lights, they should be recorded, photogenic and measurement. For this team, just 16, scored equipment, largely at their own expense. Next, the researchers chose a location for research – a segment of the railway one mile, a virtual straight road intersection in the middle of a dirt road and bordered by two main roads.
While members of the group worked on the collection of weapons and other investigative Vestygii provided the necessary issues and received the cooperation of all interested bodies. With Conrail was connected, and was allowed to use his right to check. A local resident, whose house was in the vicinity of railway tracks associated with communication and agreed to let the energy of your home to a central position during the experiments.
On the night of November 20, 1976 the first field experiments with three outposts have been started. For the first time in Long Valley Hookerman light it planned to photograph, measure and continuously recorded. The team gathered at the initial test on the night consisted of individuals from all disciplines and training. Within the group were experts in electronics, meteorology, physics, optics, photography, chemistry and mathematics. What distinguishes research Vestigia from any other – is the quality and quantity of technical expertise and equipment, accumulated during the study. All on a quest spent 10,000 man-hours, and that the cost of equipment amounted to more than 30 000 dollars.
The following is a brief description of the first studies on the night of rain lamp Valley. In this region, the investigation continues, and "Vestygiya" is currently collaborating with other research groups and universities.
On the night of the investigation between the rails was laid 4000 feet zazyamlenaga antenna wires and attached to the amplifier, and an oscilloscope that would express the changes in the electrical frequency and amplitude. Other cables were attached directly to the rails, so that they served as verification capacity; something between the metal rails or above will be registered on a device for reading in the van equipment. Geiger counter placed in the intended "hot spot" and it is also carried out in reference to the command post. Other devices have included methane gas detector and parabolic Listening.
In the second post (level with the command post) observer team on the track rules radar unit "Vaskar", as well as cameras that were loaded infrared sensitive film, and a video camera, which contains a super-fast film. After the first and after three observers, who were half a mile to the right and left, were armed with cameras, binoculars and a radio.
At approximately 10 pm researchers in regulation van reported a sharp tool vibrations. Post Three researchers at the same time there was a slight, sharp light that struck them with his sudden and unexpected to the & # 39; a reality. They described it as yellowish, low value and a diameter of five to six inches. He hovered over the tracks, about a foot above the ground, and is located between the mail and dispatchers. Cameras clicked and recording devices were quickly activated. As it happened, one amazing thing. Despite the fact that the Post Three was in visual contact with a & # 39; object and Post Two apparently recorded it in electronic form, and activated his camera to photograph this with a & # 39; waking, at Post One observer was no eye contact with light.
The oscilloscope and other electronic measurement instruments recorded changes of the electromagnetic field area in which a 39 & # appeared light and discharges electrical activity.
During a & # 39; light emergence astsylaskop gave strong reaction for one minute and 50 seconds. Amplitude var & # 39; Irawan from 5 to 2.5 volts, while the usual background signal was only 4 volts at 60 cycles. During this time, the normal range of 60 cycles razbuhnuv to more than 40 000 cycles.
This testimony clearly showed that, regardless of what the observers saw that the camera would not recorded, it can lead to a drastic change of the electrical activity of the area.
Other equipment not immediately reacted to the aim; At the time of the incident was not seen by the radiation. Although tests railroad tank were visible reaction and the test indicators and the radiation become active after the aiming. One thing was certain: for about a minute and 50 seconds, the legend of Hukermana table of & # 39; objective reality and staged for the most sophisticated audience in its history.
Once a & # 39; reality took place, she was gone, and the team began to take tests to find any possible explanation for the incident. Post One observers never got visual contact with a & # 39; object between them and command posts, but all the tests, except for the tests of railways capacity, confirmed that this is a & # 39; reality really happened physically.
Team leaders checked the unit in charge of the testing capacity of railways, and discovered why he had not responded at the time of impact. Seems to be one of the compounds with the track was laid, perhaps, some of the visitors before the evening.
Approximately at 10.45, ten minutes after the visual sight of the world stopped, the test equipment used for radiation detection, early indications show the active zone of the track. Geiger counter recorded the testimony about five seconds before returning to normal levels. This was repeated almost four minutes and seven seconds stored. After visual inspection, the third and the last relapse, this time lasted more than 10 seconds.
The team worked at midnight, hoping for a possible repeat of this with the & # 39; make known, but all was quiet. Finally, one morning, the team leaders called it a night, but the most dramatic proof of the evening will not be apparent until the photo light will be developed.
Two independent chamber in the "two post" about van photographed image using two different types of film. A total of six shots were made of ordinary black and white and infrared seven frames. Each frame reveals a certain image – a burning light ball. Black-and-white film shows a clear light, and infrared – a more detailed image. Black-and-white film (Tri-X), which was shot at 1/1250 th second, only indicates a light source, similar to that observed by observers & # 39; the naked eye. IR film was exposed for 10 seconds per frame and gives more details. It gave us a great idea of the range of light & # 39 object, film images, showing the density not seen in conventional black-and-white photographs.
What, however, all this proves? Thus Vestygii findings contribute to overall understanding secrets terrible light. Just how they managed to pull the extensive requirements of physical survival.
To answer these questions, you must log in Geophysical Sciences.
Quite common known that if certain types of quartz rock exposed from within the earth, the electric potential leads. This principle, which is called n & # 39; ezaelektrychnym effect is applied to the telephone receivers and transmitters to the microphone in which the sound pressure waves in response produces electric crystals. Physicist David Finkelstein and George. R. Powell from New York actively investigated this phenomenon in 1970 and came to the conclusion that the stress accumulated in the rocks for a few years, can vary in intensity very slowly in front of the largest earthquake. In addition, they suggested that such stress can create an electric field through which electricity discharges ionize the air in the area to visible light.
Intrigued by this curious theory, researchers have carefully studied Vestigia geodetic maps of New Jersey and found that the main break, the boundary of Ramapo, passes through the Peacock in northern New Jersey and goes a mile from the Indian point. From 1962 to this fault occurred at least 33 earthquakes, and a significant part was in the vicinity of the area of Long Valley. After an exhaustive study and fieldwork Bill Wagner and his associates in Vestygii convinced that a definite correlation exists between a & # 39; advent of light and the local seismic activity. Thanks to careful observation and documentation, they were able to establish, beyond a reasonable doubt that the Valley for a long time lit
persistently and predictably preceded by reports of local zemlyatrusnyh actions and entirely dependent on the natural, physical principles. Many, if not all, of the mysteries associated with Hukermanam were solved.
For example, in railroad bed Doane valley consists of granite, extremely good conductor of electricity. Wagner said that with & # 39; reality is most common in Doane Valley before or after the change of outward & # 39; I, and he leads the barometric pressure as a logical correlation factor. As for the tendency of light to retreat, when a person is approaching, Vestygiya believes that it is inappropriate to automatically attribute the intellectual behavior of light, if there is a more intelligent and reasonable explanation. Probably, they argue that any tender box in the zone violated its own electric charge of the body, or just the fact that he static light looking natural ground close to a person and is discharged harmlessly to the ground. What about radioactivity? Wagner and his colleagues suspect that abnormal radiation recorded during the study of light, due to the presence of radon, an inert gas, which obviously stood out during the earthquake.
Movement of light across the road, although a bit difficult to explain, have been linked with underground stress forces in a dynamic state of displacement. According to speculation, the calm light of just watching the local fault lines, fault zones and other layers of rocks that locally dissipate stress. Dr. Michael Persinger, in his work "Temporarily-temporal transition periods and unusual events" states that "since the locus underground sources exist in three-dimensional space, any movement of the source will be rejected as & # 39; transformation of axes on the surface through the luminosity." Persinger claims that the apparent motion of light – pendulum or vertical – depending on the position of the sources sources.
Wagner and his team fully agree with the findings of Persinger and now refine their methods of investigation in Long Valley. Яны ўпэўненыя, што пры дадатковых даследаваннях і даследаваннях прагназаванне землятрусаў, заснаванае на назіранні і ўважлівасці гэтых ліхаманкаў, можа перарасці ў больш дакладную і дакладную навуку.
Дзякуючы піянерскім даследаванням «Вестыгіі» пра таямніцу светлавога страшэнства, буйныя універсітэты і дзяржаўныя ўстановы пачалі супрацоўнічаць з групай у сваім зондзе гэтай вельмі няўлоўнай, але прыроднай з'явы. Што тычыцца легенды пра "Хукермана", мясцовыя жыхары, здаецца, прымаюць звычайныя тлумачэнні, высунутыя "Вестыгіяй". Здавалася б, маляўнічая гісторыя, сканцэнтраваная вакол гэтай міфічнай фігуры, пачала губляць вялікую бляск і што забабоны, прынамсі для супольнасці Лонг-Валі, былі цвёрда заменены ісцінай.